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National Register of Historic Places Program

The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the Nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.

 

Property Name Bevo Mill Commercial Historic District
Reference Number 13000568
State Missouri
County St. Louis
Town St. Louis
Street Address 4648-5003 Gravois Avenue & 4719-4767 Morgan Ford Road
Multiple Property Submission Name N/A
Status Listed 7/31/2013
Areas of Significance COMMERCE, ARCHITECTURE
Link to full file http://www.nps.gov/history/nr/feature/places/pdfs/13000568.pdf
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The Bevo Mill Commercial Historic District consists of eighteen contributing buildings and three noncontributing buildings surrounding the St. Louis Landmark Bevo Mill, plus a couple of parking lots (one historic) and a contributing structure. The district is located at the convergence of the major thoroughfares of Gravois Avenue and Morgan Ford Road in South St. Louis City. It exemplifies an early 20th century shopping district which arose due to the intersection of major public transit routes and the presence of a distinctive anchor in the form of the centrally located mill building, which actually was constructed as a highly stylized tavern. The district is locally significant under Criterion A for Commerce and Criterion C for Architecture. It serves as a physical reminder of a bygone mode of commerce that once dominated St. Louis immediately prior to the widespread adoption of the automobile. Finally, the overall district provides architectural context for its centerpiece and in many ways its progenitor, the Bevo Mill. Constructed by Anheuser-Busch Brewing in 1916-17, the Mill building itself is individually significant for its wholly unique, romantic and fantastical design. In addition, it is significant as an embodiment of a calculated effort on behalf of Anhe-user-Busch to tlrwart the goals of the Prohibition Movement. The C. 1910-1934 period of significance encompasses the dates of construction for all contributing properties that are associated with the rapid development of the Gravois Avenue/Morgan Ford Road intersection, which served as the focal point that defined the neighborhood.

 

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Properties are listed in the National Register of Historic Places under four criteria: A, B, C, and D. For information on what these criterion are and how they are applied, please see our Bulletin on How to Apply the National Register Criteria